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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

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314                                    THE                 AT

extent ani elevation, completes the amphitheatre in which the town is set, and
the space between the two ranges gradually contracts to a narrow path3 which
barely allows a single traveller on foot to pass between the shelving crags that
tower above him on eiiher side. This pass is famous as the Sarikan-khor,*
literally 6 the narrow opening/ and is the scene of a mela (called the Biirhi
Lik) on the 13th of the month of Bhadon? often attended by as many as 10}000
people. The crowds divide according to their sex and cluster about the rocks
round two little shrines, erected on either side of the ravine for the temporary
reception of figures of Baiha and Krishna, and indulge to their heart's content
in all the licentious banter appropriate to the occasion. At the other month of
the pass is a deep dell between the two high peaks of the Man-Mandir and the
Mor-katti, with a masonry tank in the centre of a dense thicket called the
G*hrwar-ban. A principal feature in the diversions of the day is the scram-
bling of sweetmeats by the better class of visitors, seated on the terraces
of the fc' Peacock Pavilion' above, among the mnltitodes that throng the margin
of the tank some 150 feet below.

The essentially Hindi form of the title Larli, equivalent to the Sanskrit
Lalita, may be taken as an indication of the modern growth of the local cnltas.
Even in the Brahma Vaivartay the last of the Fnranas and the one specially
devoted to BacSha's praises, there is no authority for any such appellation, in
the Traja-hhakti-vilasa the mantra, or formula of incantation which the pril-»
griras are instructed to repeat, nms as follows:—

Lalit&rsanyntam krishnam sarvaishn sakhibbir yntam

Dhyaye tri-veni-kiipa-stham maha»rasa-kritotsavam.

population 3,253—as the reputed home of Krishna's foster-
father, with its spacious temple of Nand R&e Ji on the brow of the hill over-
looking the village, is in all respects an exact parallel to Barsana. The dis-
tance between ihe two places is only five miles, and when the kettle-drum is
beaten at the one, it can be heard at the other. The temple of Nand Bae
though large, is in a clumsy style of architecture and apparently dates only from
tie middle of last century. Its founder is said to have been one Blip Sinh, a
Smsiawar Jai, and it has an endowment of 826 bighas of rent-free land It
consists of an open nave, with choir and sacrarmm beyond, the latter being
* A itmiitt we of the local form JOw, for Khol, may be observed in the village of Kfcaira,
where is a         celled Ghitttf-Ktoti Kond, wrre^ondiMMr to the more common Sanskrit compound